High blood pressure is an alarming medical condition. Patients suffering from hypertension can face the danger of suffering from a heart attack, stroke, arrhythmia, kidney failure, etc. When the blood pressure is consistently high, doctors prescribe medicines to bring it back to normal. These are commonly known as anti-hypertensive and are available over the counter based on doctor’s prescription.
There are numerous kinds of hypertension medications namely:
- ACE inhibitors
- calcium channel blockers, etc.
Each of the medications is prescribed based on the patient’s symptoms and requirements.
There are plenty of misconceptions about hypertension medications available in the market. Few are false alarms and few are misinterpreted information shared by people. Here are a few of them listed below:
1. Stop the Medicines When the BP Becomes Normal
This is the most common rumor one can hear often. High BP is a condition when the blood flows with higher force through the blood vessel during systole and diastole. The medicines lower the heartbeat and thereby, strengthen the beat and lower the force of blood through the blood vessel. If one stops consuming the medicine, the heartbeat control will not be in effect and again high blood pressure will be measured. Hence, to keep the blood pressure in control, one has to continuously take the medicine without pause.
2. All High BP Medications Lower Potassium
Diuretics are known as water pills. They treat high BP by eliminating sodium and water in urine. But some diuretics eliminate potassium as well that can lead to the lowering of potassium in the blood known as a condition called hypokalemia. Based on the symptoms, like weakness and fatigue, one should consult their physician and go for BP meds that do not lower potassium but the ones which increase the potassium level in the blood, namely ACE inhibitors, renin inhibitors, etc.
3. High BP Medication Causes Harmful Side Effects
Hypertension medications come with some side effects. For example, ACE inhibitors can cause dry cough or upset stomach in a few while diuretics can cause excessive thirst in some people. But these are simple side effects that can be overruled. However, if anyone is experiencing symptoms like breathlessness, dizziness, vomiting, etc. after consumption of these medicines, they must consult their doctor and switch to a more suitable medication that will lower their blood pressure.
4. High BP Medicines Should not be Consumed During Pregnancy
Pregnancy by nature can increase blood pressure in women. But in case if one develops chronic hypertension, they need to be continuously monitored for high BP and treated immediately. The research confirmed that some drug has proven to be safe during pregnancy, although, beta-blockers are not recommended by doctors during the gestation period.
With high pressure, work schedule, and stress, many youngsters have high blood pressure issues. If one is young and their blood pressure is elevated, it can be brought to normal with exercise, dietary regulations, and lifestyle changes instead of medications.