The abdomen is home to a number of organs and thus abdominal pain can be caused by many factors. When accompanied by painful urination, it can be a cause for concern. This pain can range from dull to sharp, from cramps to a burning sensation, from intermittent to constant. Let’s look at some of the possible causes of abdominal pain and painful urination.
1. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
UTIs can affect men and women but are more common among women. This refers to infections in any part of the urinary tract including the urethra, ureters, and kidneys. These infections are usually caused by bacteria and can be treated with antibiotics.
2. Sexual Transmitted Infections (STIs)
STIs like gonorrhea, genital herpes and chlamydia can trigger painful urination and abdominal pain. In some cases, it may also cause a discharge from the urethra. STIs can spread through oral, vaginal or anal intercourse. While gonorrhea and chlamydia can be cured if diagnosed early, genital herpes cannot be cured.
3. Kidney Stones
Crystal deposits of excess minerals in the kidneys are known as kidney stones. These stones can cause severe abdominal pain and make urination painful when the body is trying to expel them. Treatment may take the form of medication or surgery if the stones are too large to pass through the urinary tract.
4. Urethral Stricture
This refers to the narrowing of the urethra. When the urethra is narrower than normal, urine flow is restricted, thus causing painful urination and abdominal pain. It may be the result of scar tissue from an earlier medical procedure or inflammation.
Bladder cancer or endometrial cancer may cause abdominal pain and painful urination. These types of cancer are more common among women. It may be treated with radiation, chemotherapy or surgery.
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder caused by a bacterial infection. It may be categorized as a UTI. The condition can be contained and treated with antibiotics.
7. Interstitial Cystitis
This form of cystitis stiffens the lining of the bladder. As the bladder fills with urine, it causes abdominal pain and triggers the need to urinate frequently. The exact cause of this condition is unclear but it can be treated by practicing pelvic floor exercises, stress management techniques, and medication.
8. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
PID is caused by a bacterial infection in the female reproductive organs. This includes the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and cervix. It may be triggered by an STI. Treatment typically involves oral antibiotics but in severe cases, intravenous antibiotics may be needed.
This refers to a swelling of the prostate gland. It can cause painful urination and pain in the lower abdomen. Prostatitis may clear up on its own or require antibiotics.
This is a bacterial or sexually transmitted infection that causes inflammation of the epididymis or the tube that stores and carries sperm from the testicles. This condition may be caused by an injury or infection. It can be treated with antibiotics.