Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that causes high fever, rashes and severe joint pain. In India, this is seen as a seasonal disease, especially during the summer. This disease is marked by a fever that can be devastating for you and your family. In simple terms, if this is left untreated, it can be very life-threatening to deal with. Commonly found in South East Asia, this disease can result in severe internal bleeding and a drop in blood pressure that can cause death.

Dengue Fever

So what could happen if this is left untreated? Well, in its extreme case, it can damage your lungs, heart and the liver and cause a sudden drop in your blood pressure thereby resulting shock, strokes and death.

Must-Know Facts About Dengue:

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that everyone knows, but the question remains what mosquito causes it? Well, it is usually caused by Aedes mosquitoes that have the tendency to transmit the infection from person to person. Here are some interesting facts that you need to know about dengue fever and its dangers.

  • There is no vaccine or antibiotic to treat dengue fever. However, treating its symptoms will help resolve this issue. This type of treatment is called symptomatic treatment, wherein, treating the symptoms of a particular disease will help cure it.
  • Papaya leaf is used to treat dengue fever.
  • The extreme case of dengue fever which consists of muscle pain and a high fever that will last to a maximum of two weeks.
  • The symptoms of dengue fever usually begin 4 to 7 days after the so-called dengue-spreading mosquito, Aedes has bitten you.
  • This disease lasts for not more than 10 days with effective medical supervision.
  • Dengue fever was initially called as breakdown fever because the one suffering from it would feel as though his/her bones would break due to the severe muscle pain.

Dengue Fever Causes:

This fever is usually caused by four different viruses that are spread by Aedes mosquitoes. So basically, these contagious mosquitoes thrive near water logging bodies and when a human comes in contact with it, this virus will enter the bloodstream and cause dengue fever. Here are some points that will give an in-depth understanding of this disease is caused and spread.

  • Constantly travelling in tropical areas put you at greater risk of developing dengue fever.
  • If you have been infected with the virus before and that you get infected for the second time, then you may have to deal with severe symptoms.
  • All you need to do is to simply carry some mosquito repellent along with you and this will do you good.

Note: The one main cause of getting infected with a dengue virus is by the mosquito Aedes which carried the virus from an infected person. Since this is a summer related disease, it is advised that you take preventive measures.

Symptoms of Dengue:

Now that you how dengue is caused, well, so what are the symptoms or signs of identifying this disease apart from the fact that every person would get the fever. Identifying this disease at the earliest will help save you from a lot of competitions that you can ever think of. Here are some symptoms of dengue that you must know about.

  • Severe headache
  • Pain in the back of the eye
  • Chills
  • Loss of appetite
  • High fever above 105 F
  • Pink colour rash
  • Profuse sweating
  • Red dot-like rashes begin to appear on your leg and other parts of your body.
  • Nausea and vomiting

Symptoms of dengue fever vary from adults to children. However, here are some signs to know if your child is suffering from dengue fever.

  • High fever above 105 degrees F.
  • Unbearable pain behind the eyes.
  • Severe joint pain, muscle pain and bone pain.
  • Unstoppable headaches
  • Pink coloured rashes all over the body.
  • Slight bleeding in the nose and gums.

Note: If you or your loved one has any of the above-listed symptoms, then make it a point to consult a doctor at the earliest.

Dengue Treatment:

Well, if you are suffering from dengue, then you need to understand that there is no cure for it. However, there is a symptomatic approach that doctors follow in order to cure the symptoms of this deadly virus. Since there is no cure for this disease, most hospitals aim at curing the symptoms and this will reduce the impact of the disease.

Treating dengue can be a time-consuming thing and as your symptoms reduce, you will begin to figure that your illness is coming down. However, here is how doctors usually treat dengue fever and other symptoms. Treating this disease varies on the severity of the disease itself. Thus, the treatment is divided into mild symptoms and severe symptoms.

Treating Mild Symptoms of Dengue:

Here are some ways in which milder symptoms of dengue are treated.

  • Painkillers will be given in order to bring down your fever to a normal rate.
  • The person will be given clean water to drink. This will help rehydrate the infected with fluids and minerals.

Treating Severe Symptoms of Dengue:

Treating some severe symptoms of dengue can be a very time-consuming aspect as this will expect doctors to place the person under strict observation. Here are some ways in which severe symptoms are usually treated.

  • Drip fluid also called intravenous fluids (IV) will be given if the person cannot consume fluids by mouth. This treatment is usually used when a person is suffering from dehydration.
  • The person will be hospitalised as he/she must be kept under observation. This will make sure that the person’s symptoms do not get worse.

Diagnosis of Dengue:

Well, some of the signs and symptoms of dengue fever are similar to malaria and typhoid fever. Thus, diagnosing the disease will definitely take time. While diagnosing your problem, your doctor will ask you the following questions.

  • The doctor will find out details regarding your old medical records, travel records.
  • On the following basis, the doctor will then ask you to undergo a blood test and this will confirm if there are any signs of dengue.

Dengue Prevention Tips:

Firstly, you need to understand that there is no vaccine that can cure dengue. That is why it is essential that you know some simple life hacks that will help you prevent it. The simplest thing that you can do is simply avoid mosquitoes from biting you. So how do you do it? Well, here is what you need to do.

  • Firstly, if you are travelling or living in a tropical region, then make it a point to use mosquito nets and mosquito repellents.
  • Do not wear clothing that exposes your skin more often. This would rather let the mosquitoes.
  • Use window and door screens for your home and this will prevent mosquitoes from entering inside.
  • If you are adventurous, then you need to make it a point to use camping gear that includes clothes that have been manufactured in such a way that act as insect repellants.
  • Well, if there is stagnant water anywhere, then make it a point to dry it up because this can become a breeding ground for infected mosquitoes.
  • Make sure that you remove stagnant water from plant pot plates as this can also bring in a lot of mosquitoes.
  • Change the water used in flower vases in your homes.
  • While camping, make sure that you choose an area that is away from still water.

Note: Makes sure that you keep in mind all the above-listed ways to avoid dengue because this disease has no vaccine that can treat it. So prevention is better than cure.

FAQs

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that can turn out to be life-threatening if it is left untreated. Make it a point to take preventive measures as this will protect you from danger. Here are some frequently asked questions that will shed some more insight into the topic of dengue fever.

1. What are the first signs of having dengue fever?

Diagnosing dengue fever can be a hard task initially, however here are some warning signs that you need to know about.

      • Severe muscle pain
      • Unstoppable headaches
      • High fever above 105 F
      • Rashes on the body

2. If there is no vaccine to treat dengue fever, how can it be cured?

You need to understand that this fever has no vaccine that can cure it. But most doctors look at treating its symptoms and stabilising the disease. Moreover, the severity of the disease is what will determine the sort of treatment that is to be taken. Most people suffering from dengue fever face dehydration problems and as a result, intravenous fluids or liquid food will be used to treat it.

3. What is the required platelet count to beat dengue?

People suffering from dengue fever usually witness a lower platelet count that can be life-threatening. In order to avoid dengue, you will have to have a normal platelet count of 1.5 lakh to 4 lakh.

Dengue is a disease usually transmitted from an infected mosquito carrying the virus from an infected human. It can be contagious and life-threatening at the same time, but taking simple preventive steps to protect yourself from a mosquito bite will do good for you. Since summer is the main season for mosquitoes to breed around stagnant water, make sure that you dry up the stagnant water before it becomes a breeding ground for these infected mosquitoes. Also, make sure that you use mosquito repellent and this will protect you from potential harm. So live healthy and stay safe.

 

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