Dysentery: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Home Remedies

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Dysentery is an inflammation that occurs in your intestines and this can lead to severe stomach pain and diarrhoea. This can last up to 3 to 7 days some of its common symptoms include nauseated feeling, vomiting, high fever above 100 degrees and dehydration. Dysentery is usually caused due to poor hygiene and the ultimate result could result in death due to dehydration.

This infection is very contagious and can be spread use of utensils, food or even by using the bathroom. One way that you can prevent this disease from spreading is by washing your hands properly after you use the toilet. This disease is so contagious that it can also be spread to animals. If this is left untreated, then be sure that it will lead to dehydration and followed by imbalances such as shock and state of coma.

Dysentery

If you have high fever and diarrhoea, then make it a point to visit a doctor as soon as possible. Currently, most fevers are abnormal, meaning, some antibiotics do not cure deadly fevers. This is because the antibiotic has adapted to the harmful bacteria. This is called antibiotic resistance. Before we get into the treatment and different home remedies that can help cure dysentery, let’s understand what is this disease and how deadly can it be if it left untreated.

Facts About Dysentery:

Here are some facts of dysentery and how deadly it can turn out to be if left untreated.

  • Dysentery is an infection that affects the intestinal tract
  • The first sign of dysentery is stomach cramps and diarrhoea
  • If left untreated, it can be life-threatening
  • One easy way of treating dysentery is by drinking a lot of water (stay hydrated)

What is Dysentery?

Dysentery is an infection in your intestines that causes blood and mucus while passing stools. The bacteria that causes dysentery is shigella and Entamoeba (parasite). The first sign of dysentery is passing 3 to 8 liquid or soft abnormal stools a day. As the disease progresses, you may develop severe pain in your abdomen and pass more than 100 stools a day.

The fever may be unbearable and it can be 100 degrees and above. If a child above or below the age of five is affected with dysentery, then it may not be affected with high fever. If a clinical treatment does not work, then you need to take serious medical help. One simple way by which you can prevent dysentery is by washing your hands and following a hygienic lifestyle.

Types of Dysentery:

There are two types of dysentery such as amoebic dysentery and bacillary dysentery. Each has their own effects on an individual. Here are some of the types of dysentery along with their effects.

1. Amoebic Dysentery:

Amoebic dysentery is usually caused by consuming intoxicated food or water and the symptoms can be very painful. However, hers how you’ll feel when you have amoebic dysentery.

  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blood painful stools along with mucus
  • Fatigue

2. Bacillary Dysentery:

Bacillary dysentery can be very dangerous and it can appear with a day or 3, once a person is infected. The first sign of bacillary dysentery is diarrhoea. Here are some of the symptoms of bacillary dysentery.

  • Blood while passing motion
  • A severe pain in the abdomen
  • High fever
  • Nausea and vomiting

Note: Sometimes the symptoms of bacillary dysentery are so mild that it can be treated at home itself.

Causes of Dysentery:

Dysentery is usually caused by bacterial infections such as Shigella, E.Coli, Campylobacter and Salmonella. These are various harmful bacteria that is found in your intestines and can spread quickly from within. These bacterias differ from country to country. For example, Shigellosis is the bacteria that affects Latin Americans mostly and this is common in Latin America.

On the contrary, Campylobacter is the bacteria causes dysentery among most Southeast Asian countries including India. However, some of the most rare causes of dysentery are by intestinal worms and chemical irritants. Now you may wonder if you have sexual contact with an infected person, will you be affected? Well, the answer is yes! Dysentery can spread by having anal sex with an infected person. Here is a list of causes of dysentery that you need to watch out for.

Symptoms of Dysentery:

You can identify dysentery by various signs that help distinguish the disease. However, the symptoms differ from mild to severity. This disease is caused by the unhygienic quality of sanitation and infected areas such as your home, office or any public place. Usually, dysentery has a high rate of effect on developing countries and third world countries.

The symptoms of dysentery can be both mild and deadly, but early treatment can help reduce the pain and get you back functioning normally. Here some of the most common signs that you may have dysentery.

  • Stomach pain and cramping
  • Diarrhoea
  • Loss of appetite
  • High fever that’s 100 degrees and above
  • Severe abdominal pain even if touched gently
  • Stomach Bloating
  • A desperate feeling of constantly passing stools
  • Weight loss; and
  • A severe headache

Note: There are other risky symptoms that an infected person can face when he/she hasn’t taken medical treatment. These symptoms include increased gas, high fever and abdominal cramps and may last up to 4 to 8 days. Severe cases of this disease may last for 6 to 8 weeks and this time would be unbearable for the patient. Sometimes a person can take just 3 days for a patient to heal and the patient will recover within a week.

Diagnosing Dysentery:

If you or your child is suffering from dysentery, then you’ll need to consult a doctor at the earliest. If left untreated you may end up getting dehydrated and this may be a major risk to your health. Usually, when you go for a consultation, your doctor will first review your symptoms and if he/she suspects dysentery, then a sample of your stool will be analysed. Identifying dysentery is usually done by analysing stool of the infected person.

Treatment of Dysentery:

People suffering with mild shigellosis are usually treated with plenty of liquids. On the contrary, people suffering from severe shigellosis is usually treated with antibiotics, but there are times when the bacteria get used to the antibiotic therefore causing antibiotic resistance. If you have been prescribed antibiotics and that your symptoms have not reduced even after 6 days, then you need to consult your doctor and get a blood test done immediately.

Amoebic Dysentery is usually treated with drugs such as metronidazole and tinidazole that are made to kill parasites. If your condition is severe, your doctor may recommend intravenous drips in order to substitute fluid food intake. This will prevent dehydration.

Home Remedies for Treating Dysentery:

The primary cause of dysentery is because of poor hygiene. Dysentery can be contagious in such a way that it can spread by a single touch. This happens when a normal person gets in contact with an infected person. So, how do you prevent this deadly disease from affecting your family members? Here is a list of simple home remedies that will protect you and your family from this dreadful disease.

  • Add rock salt to buttermilk and consume
  • Drink at least two glasses of fresh orange juice a day
  • Make a milkshake with pomegranate skin and consume
  • Drink lemon juice
  • Eat a lot of bananas. This will help in soft and norm stools
  • Mix milk, honey and lemon together and consume
  • Drink black tea
  • Wash your hands with soap or use hand sanitizers, especially after using the toilet. Make sure had sanitizers are not used in excess.
  • Drink mineral water or boil water for 10 to 15 minutes
  • Also, make sure what food you are consuming is well cooked

Complications Caused by Dysentery:

If dysentery is left untreated, then it may cause further complications and this can turn out to be fatal. You need to keep in mind that this is a contagious disease and it easily spreads even by a touch. Well, you need to watch out for this disease as it can cause life-threatening complications. Here are some of the diseases that dysentery can cause.

  • Dehydration: When dehydration happens, you may develop vomiting, diarrhoea and if this is the case in children below 5 years of age, it can be very life-threatening.
  • Postinfectious Arthritis: Dysentery can cause postinfectious arthritis and the pain that accompanies this disease can be unbearable especially in your joints.
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: The shigella bacteria that are responsible for the cause of dysentery can cause the hemolytic uremic syndrome. Here, the bacteria can block red blood cells from entering your kidneys. This can cause anaemia, kidney failure or reduce in platelet count. The infected person can face seizures even after treatment. This is the extreme symptom of dysentery.

FAQs:

Dysentery is a contagious disease that can spread from person to animal and it must not be avoided. However, there are many people who opt for self-medication and as a result, they do not understand the fact that they are complicating the problem. Unless it gets worst, you will know how devastating the pain can be.

Moreover, many people believe that this can be treated with self-medication. But, self-medication has its drawbacks and in terms of a disease like this, be sure that you may end up getting your disease to a next level.  Here are some frequently asked questions that will shed some more light into the concept of dysentery.

1. What foods to eat if you have dysentery?

There are certain foods that can stabilise dysentery from spreading. In order to get well soon, you need to consume soft and easy-to-digest foods like watery dal, curd, apples, bananas and lemonade. Consume foods like this and get dysentery under control. Followed by this, you can talk to your doctor and he/she will suggest what’s right for you.

2. Is dysentery curable?

Dysentery is treated using antibiotics and fluid intake of food. Once you consult a doctor, you will be asked to undergo a stool test and this will be analysed. Based on the analysis, you will be diagnosed. You don’t have to be worried as a cure does exist to treat this disease. All you need to do is to follow what your doctor says and you’ll be fine in no time. In most severe cases, intravenous fluids and hospitalization will be used as treatments to treat this disease.

3. When do you need a doctor?

Dysentery can be deadly and contagious if left untreated. So, make it a point to avoid self-medication in case you have a fever that isn’t decreasing. If you believe that you can cure the disease your suffering from through self-medication, then this may either kill you or benefit you. Keep in mind that life comes once and any damage caused to the human can leave a scar or even kill you.

The milder symptoms of dysentery can appear to be similar to that of fever. But you need to understand that the fever that affects humans today are dangerous in nature. So, consult your doctor about your health and stay healthy. Before you enter into a health problem it is time that you learn to prevent the problem from affecting you.

Also Read:  Stomach Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, And Prevention

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