The onset of monsoon may not be as welcoming for the skin, as it is for the soul for bringing relief from seething heat. With an increase in the humidity levels, skin infections and irritation become inevitable.
Eczema is a dermatological condition where patches of skin become itchy, inflamed, red, rough and blistered initially and later become thickened and roughened. It is more common during monsoon as the increased humidity in the atmosphere can cause dryness of the skin leading to aggravating eczema.
Living with Eczema can be quite difficult, but it is manageable because of its commonality.
Types of Eczema
Eczema may appear anywhere on the body, but the symptoms may vary from one person to another. There are seven different types of Eczema.
Atopic Dermatitis: This usually develops in childhood due to a defect in skin barrier combined with genetic and abnormal immune function, usually associated with personal or family history of Asthma or allergic rhinitis.
Neurodermatitis: This forms a thick leathery dark patch of skin on the back of the neck, forearms, wrists, and lower legs. This is triggered by stress or insect bite.
Pompholyx: This is an irritation of the skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. It is characterized by blisters.
Nummular eczema: This appears as circular patches of irritated skin that can be crusted, scaly, and itchy.
Seborrheic Dermatitis: It forms scaly, oily, yellowish patches of the skin on the scalp and face.
Stasis Dermatitis: A skin irritation of the lower leg usually related to Varicose veins.
Contact dermatitis: It happens due to contact with allergens.
Asteatotic eczema: This is most common above 60 years due to generalised dryness of the body.
Triggers of Eczema
Researchers are unknown about the exact cause of Eczema. However, it has been established that people get Eczema due to genes and environmental triggers. Some of the environmental triggers are listed below:
Symptoms of Eczema
Some of the common symptoms of Eczema are:
Treatment of Eczema
Eczema is incurable, though doctors recommend treatment based on healing the affected skin by reducing the symptoms using numerous home care remedies and medications, few of them are:
- Topical corticosteroid ointments & creams
- Topical immunomodulators
- Antibiotics, antifungal & antiviral medications in case of secondary infections
- Repair moisturizers
- Phototherapy, systemic immunomodulators for severe cases of eczema
Facts about Eczema
People with diabetes and those with dry, sensitive skin need to be extra careful during monsoon season as they stand a greater chance of suffering from Eczema or other skin problems and infections, aggravating the situation to unbearable discomfort.