Allergies can trigger anywhere and anytime and one might face great difficulty if they do not have a suitable allergy management plan to control the outburst. People prone to allergies should be on the lookout for symptoms to prevent themselves from chronic allergy reactions.
What Causes Allergies?
Allergy is a condition when the immune system reacts to a foreign body that comes in contact due to exposure. The antibodies attack the foreign body and this reaction can cause adverse side effects like rashes, blisters, sinuses, airway obstruction, etc. Also, people are prone to allergies should check the following:
- Whether allergy was caused due to food, drugs, pollen, mold, insect, or pet, etc. The allergens are different for different allergies.
- What caused one allergy in childhood might not cause an allergic reaction later as the immune system develops over time and can fight the allergen with strong retaliation.
- Exposure-related allergies worsen over time. For example, if one has developed an allergic rash after a bee sting or wasp sting, it can worsen with multiple exposures.
- More than the first allergic reaction, the second and third allergies are more severe and chronic.
- The oral allergy syndrome occurs when one eats food with similar protein content as that of their allergens. This can trigger an unexpected chain reaction in one and worsen the health condition.
How to Prevent Allergies?
There are various ways to prevent allergies. Some of them are:
1. Alert on Allergens
The best way to prevent allergic chain reaction is to keep an eye for allergens. If one cannot avoid allergens completely, they should try not to come in contact with them as it triggers the reaction immediately.
2. Wear Medical Alert Bracelets
There are medical alert bands, bracelets, and necklaces available in the market. They raise an alarm when one gets an allergy attack. But in the case of anaphylaxis, it becomes useless as one loses the ability to communicate and needs to be rushed to emergency.
3. Have an Allergy Management Plan Written Down
Many times, during an allergy attack, one cannot talk as the throat swells and the airway is blocked. Hence, writing down the allergy management plan helps them to call for help or even inform the treating doctor.
4. Take Preventive Medicines
If one is prone to allergies, they will have prescribed preventive medication from their doctor. This helps to manage allergy outburst to a considerable extent in case of unexpected allergen exposure.
5. Epinephrine Auto-Injectors are Handy If You are at Risk of Anaphylaxis
Epinephrine is the most preferred treatment for anaphylaxis reactions as it relaxes muscles around the airways and prevents the release of allergic chemicals. Anaphylaxis attack might be fatal if symptoms like skin rashes, swelling of lips, shortness of breath, stomach pain, diarrhea, etc. are not recognized and treated immediately.
The severity of allergies varies from person to person and also depends on the amount of exposure to the allergen. Therefore, it is important to keep a record of everything that has triggered your allergy at some point in time so that you can take proper preventive measures.