Like any other transplant, a hair transplant procedure is one where a donor site hair from the patient is grafted into the head of the recipient. This procedure is generally carried out by specially trained doctors, and is quite safe to go through. In order to conduct the procedure, the surgeon moves some of the patient’s own hair grafts from the back or sides of the head to the part where the balding is taking place. Once the graft settles onto the scalp, it looks just like all the other hair on the patient.
Who Needs to Get a Hair Transplant Procedure?
If you suffer from a lack of self-confidence due to pattern baldness, you can get a hair transplant procedure. To be clear, this is a cosmetic procedure and is something that patients can opt for if they feel the need for it. The surgeon will then examine the scalp to see whether it can withstand having the transplant. Once the basic tests are done, the doctor will inform you when you can get the transplant done.
Patients suffering from the following issues can consider getting a hair transplant procedure done:
- Pattern baldness: which is the gradual loss of hair over a period of time.
- Women who have thinning hair
- Individuals who lost hair due to an injury or burn
Having said that, it is also essential to note that the hair transplant success rate depends largely on the problems that the patient is suffering from. This procedure does not work for the following:
- If people form any keloid scars after their injuries heal
- Hair loss that occurs due to chemotherapy or other medications
- Hair loss throughout the scalp
- People with a lack of donor hair sites
How Does the Procedure Take Place?
There are two main techniques that a surgeon may follow. A hair transplant FUE and FUT. While carrying out a hair transplant FUT, the surgeon performs the following steps in order to make the transplant a success:
- Step 1: The surgeon will cut the scalp at the back of the head with a scalpel. Typically, the incision is a few inches long.
- Step 2: The surgeon removes a strip of skin from the desired section.
- Step 3: The surgeon closes the incision site with the help of stitches.
- Step 4: The surgeon cuts the strip of skin into small segments and then grafts it onto different areas of the scalp. This makes the hair look thicker and fuller.
On the other hand, when the surgeon performs a hair transplant FUE procedure, then the following steps are undertaken:
- Step 1: The surgeon extracts grafts from donor area with a special device from the back of the head.
- Step 2: The surgeon creates small holes on the scalp into while the hair will then be planted. These holes are made with a needle or scalp and are very small.
- Step 3: During this, the surgeon will ultimately end up transplanting thousands of follicles or grafts.
Each graft contains 1 to 4 follicles
Both procedures generally take close to 6 to 7hours, or more, depending on the way the surgery is going. After the transplant is over, the stitches are removed after 10 days in FUT method.
In FUE method they are no stitches , no cuts, no scars.
What can You Expect After the Procedure is Over?
As this is ultimately a surgical procedure, some of the hair transplant side effects include pain and soreness. As a result, your surgeon will prescribe pain killers, anti-inflammatory medications, and antibiotics in order to prevent any infections from occurring. You can expect to return to your daily chores and work within a few days.
You may notice that your transplanted hair starts falling out once a few weeks have passed. This is a part of the expected hair transplant results. When this happens, it gives the scalp space for new follicles to grow. This new hair growth can occur anywhere between 8-12 months after the surgery is over.
Are There Any Complications that Occur Due to a Hair Transplant Procedure?
If the Hair Transplant is done by experienced doctors who are specially trained in it, then side effects are very rare.
Few Hair transplant side effects noticed when done by unqualified and untrained people:
- Bruising around the eyes
- A lack of sensation or numbness that occurs on the scalp
- Crust formation around the donor sites
- Infection of the follicles known as folliculitis
- Unnatural looking hair but this is only for a short while
If you experience any of these hair transplant side effects, then you should visit your doctor immediately. It can also help you ask your doctor to determine whether you are allergic to the procedure or any items used during the procedure to prevent rashes or inflammation.
Getting a cosmetic procedure is a personal choice and you do not have to get it if you do not want to. Evaluate your self-esteem and a sense of confidence and if you feel that it is negatively impacted by the way you look, then this is something that can add value to your life.