Types of Heart Disease and It’s Treatment Cost in India

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Unlike its more developed, western counterparts, healthcare in India is still an out of pocket expense for the patient and for an Indian patient, healthcare ends up being an expensive affair. However, for the rest of the world, the cost of heart disease treatment in India is actually much lower, making India the preferred hub for heart treatment. It’s not just our neighbours who come to India for their treatment, but people living on different continents also approach the Indian healthcare system for quality but cheap treatment solutions.

Heart Diseases Treatment Cost

Types of Heart Disease:

When one says heart disease, more often than not, we focus on just one type of heart disease. Coronary Artery Disease, however, there are other types of disease, each with its own specific treatment. Each heart disease has its own severity, causes, and symptoms and it is rather important to understand how susceptible the heart is to diseases and how to prevent them. Here some more common heart diseases to be aware of:

1. Congenital Heart Disease:

Congenital heart disease is an umbrella term to cover up heart diseases which are more like birth defects and have been in the patient since birth. Some examples of such diseases:

  • Obstruction Defects: The chambers of the heart are partially or completely blocked leading to restricted blood flow or no blood flow at all.
  • Cyanotic Heart Disease: This heart defect results in low oxygen in the body.
  • Septal Defects: Instead of any blockage, there is an unregulated flow of blood in the chambers of the heart because of the presence of a hole between two chambers of the heart.

2. Coronary Artery Disease:

Coronary Artery Disease is the most talked about disease, most advertisements about cholesterol and heart diseases are about coronary artery disease. This disease is caused when cholesterol induced plaques are formed on the coronary arteries which are responsible for blood circulation as well as providing the heart with nutrition and oxygen. Plaque deposits, restrict the arteries and the blood movement in them.

3. Myocardial Infarction:

Heart attack is another name for myocardial infarction. This type of heart attack happens because of the presence of a blood clot in the coronary artery which completely prevents movement of blood. Another reason for myocardial infarction could be when an artery suddenly spasms or becomes narrow.

4. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy:

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder and the prime reason for sudden deaths of athletes. The left ventricle of the heart in this disease is thicker than the right one, making it harder for the blood to be pumped out. It is believed that nearly 50% of the parents who suffer from this disease, will pass it on to their children.

5. Mitral Valve Prolapse:

This is a curious disease because when it occurs on its own, patients don’t require treatment, however, coupled with mitral regurgitation, it requires medical treatment. Mitral valve prolapse the condition where the valve dividing the left ventricle and atrium does not close properly as it either bulges into the atrium or upwards. This disease is not life threatening.

6. Arrhythmia:

Everybody gets irregular heartbeats at times, especially when their emotions are heightened. However, if you often feel your heartbeat being irregular it may be an indication of something more than heightened emotions, like a weak or damaged heart. Arrhythmia can be marked by various symptoms, like heart beating too fast (tachycardia) or too slow (bradycardia), irregular heartbeat between normal heartbeats, or just perpetually irregular heartbeat. If not taken care of early, arrhythmia can cause death.

7. Dilated Cardiomyopathy:

When insufficient amount of oxygen reaches the heart, the heart muscles become weak, leading to dilation of heart muscles. This condition affects the left ventricle the most, and it is generally caused because of coronary artery disease.

8. Heart Failure:

Heart failure as the name suggests is when the heart is unable to pump blood or pumps critically low amounts of blood. This happens because the heart muscles have either become too weak or too stiff to pump blood. While high blood pressure leads to stiffness of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease leads to its weakening. This disease generally affects one side of the heart, but on very rare occasions, all four chambers of the heart are affected.

9. Mitral Regurgitation:

Mitral regurgitation is also known as mitral incompetence. When the valves of the heart fail to shut down sufficiently enough, the blood flows back instead of moving ahead, making the movement of blood difficult for the entire body. People who suffer from this disease generally feel breathless and tired.

10. Pulmonary Stenosis:

When the right ventricle is not able to pump blood to the pulmonary artery because the pulmonary valve is too tightly shut it leads to immense pressure in the right ventricle because the ventricle has to work extra hard to pump blood, not to mention it may also lead to pressure building inside the ventricle. In infants this symptom becomes immediately clear as they turn blue, however, this disease shows no symptoms in older children and adults, but, if the pressure in the right ventricle is too high it needs immediate treatment like open heart surgery before it leads to other complications or damage.

Heart Disease Treatment Cost in India:

A recent report on the heart care cost in India stated that it is probably the cheapest in the world. While the average cost of heart care in private hospitals ranges between INR 1,50,000- 4,50,000. The cost of public hospitals is even lesser. Here is a brief table tabulating the average cost of treatment for various heart diseases:

 
Name of the Disease
Treatment Approach
Cost of Treatment (INR)
1Congenital Heart DiseaseSince congenital heart diseases are birth defects, treatment plan vary according to the defect exhibited by the person. The cost of treatment depends on the type of disease and the treatment procedure opted.2,80,000- 4,20,000
2Coronary Artery DiseaseA coronary artery bypass grafting is a complicated and well proved mode of treatment for coronary artery disease. Since it is a complicated procedure the cost of its treatment is a little on the higher side. The actual cost of treatment varies from hospital to hospital.Min. 3,75,000
3Myocardial InfarctionThe treatment for this disease is an emergency procedure as the patient is already suffering from a heart attack due to blocked artery. The cost of treatment is really high.10,00,000- 35,00,000
4Hypertrophic CardiomyopathyAlcohol Septal Ablation is being hailed as the best treatment approach for patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. 1,00,000
5Mitral Valve ProlapseMitral valve repair surgery is the treatment approach for mitral valve prolapse. This surgery ensures that parts of the heart start functioning as a whole. The cost of treatment depends on several factors like diagnosis, type of hospital, type of room service and so on.2,50,000- 5,25,000
6ArrhythmiaTreatment for Arrhythmia solely depends on how severe the arrhythmia is and what kind of approach have the physicians been using to diagnose and treat it. A person could have a pacemaker or an ICD installed in them to treat Arrhythmia. Treatment plans also include non-invasive approaches.Min. 2,15,000
7Dilated CardiomyopathyWhen detected on time dilated cardiomyopathy can be treated through drugs, however, more often than not, perfectly healthy individuals suddenly suffer from heart attacks. If a person is on medication then the cost of this chronic disease is very high but if the patient is willing enough a pacemaker could be added to his/her body.45,000- 1,50,000
8Heart failure The only solution to a heart attack is a bypass surgery.1,00,000-3,00,000
9Mitral RegurgitationThe mitral valve repair surgery is the most viable solution.1,50,000-3,00,000
10Pulmonary StenosisThe heart valve replacement process is the only way forward.3,60,000

Best Heart Hospital In India:

Heart diseases can be scary, but for now, India boasts of a robust and competent set of doctors and hospitals who provide quality heart care to their patients. Here is a list of the top 7 heart hospitals in the country:

  • Medica Super Speciality Hospital, Kolkata:

The hospital is hailed as one of the best hospitals for cardiac care and boasts of a well experienced, expert team of doctors. It has several smaller hubs in Siliguri, Asansol and so on.

  • N.M. Wadia Institute of Cardiology, Pune:

Established in 1966, N.M. Wadia was the first institute to introduce angiography as well as catheterisation in Pune. It offers a host of heart disease related treatments and has been accredited by National Board of Examination for Doctoral Diploma in Cardiology as well as Maharashtra Medical Council.

  • Apollo Cardiac Centre, New Delhi:

While Apollo Cardiac Centre has been hailed as a pioneer as well as a hospital which offers world class cardiac care services by employing the latest techniques and technologies, the hospital also has been rated as being on the higher side as far as expense of treatment is concerned.

  • Asian Heart Institute and Research Centre, Mumbai:

Established in 2002, with the motive of providing government insurance benefits to the poor, this hospital has now made a name for itself for its quality cardiac care services.

  • Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bangalore:

Narayana Hrudayalaya was founded by the Shankar Narayana Construction Company and assures reasonable healthcare packages for all sections of the society. It has been accredited by NABH.

  • Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi:

Established in 1988, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute is one of the most prominent heart institutions in India. It has received certificates from NABH as well as JCI and boasts of a competent team.

  • Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum:

Asia’s largest cardiac care hospital, it boasts over 600 beds, world class facilities, and extremely competent doctors. The institute has tie ups with government as well para-government bodies in India, UK, USA, Sultanate of Oman, Republic of Maldives, Bahrain, and UAE. It is also accredited to the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards International as well as NABH.

We hope we have answered your queries on not just the cost of heart disease treatment in India but also about the best hospitals in India for cardiac care. When compared to the USA, India offers similar services and then some at nearly one-tenth the price, which is why several people flock to India for wellness tourism.

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