If anyone is diagnosed with a life-threatening disease, his/her chances of survival are very less. Diseases that are chronic and difficult to cure are classified as life-threatening diseases. The following are some very serious diseases across the world that have resulted in a lot of deaths.
1. Coronary Artery Disease
The disease that has caused the maximum number of deaths (approximately 15.5%) in the world is coronary heart disease. CAD occurs when a blood vessel constricts and tissues and muscles get less oxygenated blood. If CAD is not identified earlier, it can result in chest pain, heart attack, and even death.
With around 11.1% death rate, stroke-related deaths have increased from the year 2005 to 2015. Stroke is a medical condition that occurs when the blood fails to reach the brain and results in the permanent death of brain cells. Stroke results in brain fogging and numbness. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, if a patient is not treated for stroke within 3 hours, he/she can have permanent organ disability or even sudden death.
Lung cancer, colon cancer, and breast cancer are killing close to 4 million people across the world every year. Cancer of the trachea, lungs, etc. are mainly due to pollution and active and passive smoking. Liver and stomach cancer are due to drinking and tobacco consumption. Some cancers are diagnosed at a later stage, therefore, saving chronic cancer patients is difficult.
4. HIV AIDS
HIV damages the immune system. HIV is transmitted through blood, semen, breast milk, and vaginal and rectal fluids. The advanced manifestation of HIV virus in the human body is known as AIDS. It can progress quickly. Moreover, the life expectancy of an AIDS patient is three years.
Dengue fever is caused by Dengue mosquito’s infectious bite. Patients get a high fever (around 40 degrees Celsius) with joint muscle pain and internal hemorrhaging. WBC and platelet count reduce constantly and immediate medical care is very important else it can result in death due to excessive bleeding.
The WHO has reported that across the globe, 70% of people infected by the Ebola virus have died painful deaths. Symptoms of Ebola include:
- Body ache
- Internal bleeding
- Damage of immune systems
Unfortunately, no cure or definitive treatment routine is available for Ebola.
Many other diseases like bacterial meningitis, cerebrovascular disease, etc. can be extremely fatal for patients, if not treated within 6 hours. Some progressive diseases like diabetes, COPD can also become chronic and life-threatening if not treated on time with medications and lifestyle changes.
For many life-threatening diseases, the common risk factors include
- High blood pressure
- Smoking /drinking
- Stressful lifestyle
- Unprotected sex
- Family history
Not all life-threatening diseases result in quick progression and sudden death. Some of the life-threatening diseases are identifiable and preventable at the early stages. Spreading disease awareness, a healthy lifestyle, protected sexual intercourse, regular exercise, etc. are some common practices one can follow to Lead a healthy and safe life.