Migraine is not just a “bad headache”. It is a neurological disease with extremely incapacitating symptoms.
What Happens During a Migraine Attack?
Migraines develop through four stages, namely, prodrome, aura, attack and post-drome. Not everyone who suffers with the problem of migraines will go through all stages.
Prodrome: One or two days before a migraine, a patient might notice elusive changes that warn of an upcoming migraine. It happens in 20% of migraine patients and include symptoms like:
Aura: Auras are visual and sensory disturbances which occur before or during the attack. These last for up to 1 hour but are completely reversible. It is seen only in 1 out of 4 migraine patients. Symptoms of migraine aura include:
Attack: A migraine headache normally stays for four to 72 hours if left untreated. It normally occurs on one side of the head. However, in 1/3rd of the attacks the pain is on both sides. Other symptoms are:
Post-drome: After a migraine attack, there are chances that you will feel flushed and puzzled for about a day. Abrupt head movements tend to bring back the pain briefly.
What Triggers a Migraine Attack?
- Hormonal changes in women such as during menses
- Medicines like oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy
- Alcohol and coffee
- Stress at work or home
- Bright lights, loud sounds and strong smells
- Change of sleeping pattern
- Increase physical exertion
- Weather changes
- Processed food and food additives
In order to avoid migraine attack, a patient needs to identify and avoid these triggers.
How to Manage Migraine This Summer?
Numerous individuals report that humid and hot climate triggers summer migraines. The following tips will help you manage your migraine better:
- Choose healthy consume foods that are healthy, workout daily, stay hydrated, get sufficient sleep and keep stress levels under check
- Keep a headache diary listing each episode of migraine, when it started, how long it lasted and what triggered it
- Stay clear of the Sun
- Be careful of strong fragrances
- Always wear sunglasses
- Don’t deviate from your daily routine
- Take your migraine medications at the first sign of a migraine
- Take enough ‘ME’ time for relaxing mentally
- Meditate to manage stress
Disclaimer: Consult a doctor immediately if you are regularly experiencing symptoms of Migraine attacks. For an effective consultation, maintain a record of your attacks and their triggers. This will give a deeper insight into your condition while discussing the issue with a doctor.