A nervous breakdown is a mental condition that involves severe mental and physical stress and this affects a person’s day-to-day activities. This mental condition is caused due to other factors such as anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The symptoms of nervous breakdown vary from individual to individual and identifying the cause can take some time.
Moreover, the treatment for this mental condition depends on the cause. So, identifying the cause is crucial. This temporary stress involves severe pressure for a moment and then the person will get back to his/her normal self. However, this can be a problem with people suffering from heart disease. A sudden nervous breakdown can lead to heart attacks.
You need to understand that a nervous breakdown has no medical terminology and that it is just used to describe temporarily uncontrollable stress. However, it can become a life-threatening mental illness if left untreated. This can lead to depression or anxiety if it progresses.
Symptoms of Nervous Breakdown:
Identifying some symptoms of nervous breakdown can be very difficult as it basically depends on the cause. However, the first sign that nervous breakdown can be alarming is when you find that the person is no longer able to function normally. This mental condition can be temporary or even long-term. Here are some symptoms of nervous breakdown.
- The person may tend to miss out on appointments and avoid social engagements.
- The person may face problems such as lack of sleep, loss of appetite and lack of hygiene.
- Loss of hope on anything, suicidal thoughts and self-harm.
- High blood pressure, anxiety, dizziness, upset stomach and trembling.
- Unexplained outbursts by the person on anything without reason.
- Panic attacks, detachment from reality and paranoia and difficulty in breathing.
- The person may also feel that someone is watching him/her and misunderstand the situation.
- The person may also face problems such as flashbacks of any traumatic event that had affected him/her. This symptom can get worse if the person has PTSD undiagnosed.
Note: The first sign that an individual is suffering from a nervous breakdown is when the person begins to avoid family, friends and colleagues. However, isolation from everything is something that you will begin to see from the person’s behaviour.
Causes of Nervous Breakdown:
The symptoms of a nervous breakdown can be difficult to identify and as a result, it is based on the cause of it that will help the doctor diagnose you. In simple terms, if a person is facing unbearable stress, then such an occurrence can lead to a nervous breakdown. Here are some causes due to extreme stress:
- Extreme stress at work.
- Death of a loved one and a recent traumatic event.
- Financial difficulty.
- Lack of sleep and anxiety.
- A family history of anxiety disorders.
- An illness that makes everyday life difficult to handle.
Nervous Breakdown Treatment:
A nervous breakdown is a crisis situation where intense treatment is involved and the best option is to stay at home and get some good undisturbed sleep. This will keep the person’s mind relaxed and calm. Also, the person’s recovery is based on the severity of the problem. Some of the common treatments that are used to cure nervous breakdown are by means of therapy, acupuncture, relaxation techniques and support therapy.
Moreover, the main treatment for this is individual therapy wherein a therapist may use different strategies to make the person aware that he/she has a sickness and that he/she can fight it if they are aware of it. The therapist will also help the person to manage stress in an effective manner and also help the person to stay relaxed most times. Some of the techniques that a therapist may recommend that you do are:
- Taking deep breaths
- Aromatherapy; etc.,
Note: All the above-listed techniques aid in treating stress-related problems. The trick is to reduce stress and everything falls in place. Your therapist may ask you to make lifestyle changes that you need to in order to balance your stress and maintain a balanced life.
Complications Involved with Nervous Breakdown:
If this is left untreated, then you could be dealing with life-threatening circumstances on a daily basis. Also, you need to keep in mind that extreme nervous breakdown can lead to other mental diseases and further health complications. Here are some complication involved with this mental illness.
- Depression and anxiety
- Severe grief and misunderstanding of situation and events.
- Acute stress disorder.
- Schizophrenia; and
- Bipolar disorder.
Note: It is recommended that you consult a doctor at the earliest if you find any of the symptoms similar to that of the above-listed symptoms.
Home Remedies for Treating Nervous Breakdown:
A nervous breakdown can lead to devastating problems and as a result, there are different home remedies that you can use to treat this mental condition. Before opting for the below-listed home remedies, you need to consult your doctor. However, these home remedies will help you keep a calm mind and maintain a stress-free life.
- Lessen the hours that you spend at work.
- Move out of a situation that you believe will pressurise you.
- Stay away from people you believe will create stress.
- Socialise more often and share stressing events that bother you.
- Getting undisturbed sleep at night.
- Exercise regularly to beat stress. This will help you keep a calm mind.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs.
Treating a person suffering from a nervous breakdown is equally important to save a person’s life. If this mental condition is left untreated, then this can lead to suicidal thoughts that can be life-threatening for you. The sooner this mental condition is diagnosed, the faster the person can get cured and lead a normal life.
When Do You Need A Doctor?
When emotional stress tends to impact your everyday life, then you might be dealing with a serious mental illness that needs to be supervised and treated. However, nervous breakdowns can get severe based on the density in which it affects a person. Since most people facing this problem cannot recognise this mental illness immediately, it may be difficult for a doctor to identify it in the beginning. So, if you experience any of the above-listed symptoms, then make it a point to get in touch with a doctor as soon as possible.
Now that you that this mental illness is a complex problem, here are some frequently asked questions that will give you an insight into some of its facets. This mental condition can be cured based on the severity of the problem but identifying its symptoms at the earliest and seeking medical treatment will save you from this life-threatening disease.
1. Is nervous breakdown a common problem?
This isn’t a medical terminology but yet it does indicate a mental illness that can get dangerous for you and your surroundings if left untreated. Also, initially this can be seen as a normal problem that everyone faces, but it can get dangerous and progress if it is left untreated for a long time. It can lead to other types of mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety that can be life-threatening.
2. How long does a nervous breakdown take to settle down?
Any mental illness can harm an individual’s way of thinking about society. However, the duration of how long a nervous breakdown can last cannot be generally said because this mental sickness must be based on its severity. However, a normal nervous breakdown can last for not more than 2 days but in case of severity, a person’s hospital stay may be increased.
3. What is the difference between a nervous breakdown and a psychotic break?
Nervous breakdown is a sudden stress situation where a person has no sort of control over himself or herself. In simple terms, this mental condition affects the person’s daily functioning and thus the person would require serious medical help. On the contrary, a psychosis break is a sign that the person is suffering from hallucination and this problem is such that the person is hearing voices, feelings of worthlessness and suicidal thoughts.
A nervous breakdown can happen to anyone and this is a common occurrence for all. But if this is happening on a regular basis then you might be dealing with something very dangerous. This can lead to other mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety that can be life-threatening. Also, identifying the symptoms of this mental disease can be difficult initially, and so if you have the slightest thought that you are suffering from this condition, then it is recommended that you consult a doctor at the earliest. Once you are diagnosed with this mental condition, then you need to make appropriate lifestyle changes that can help you get well soon. So live stress-free and keep a positive head.