Avian influenza

Avian influenza (“bird flu”) is an infectious disease of birds caused by type A strains of the influenza virus. The infection can cause a wide spectrum of symptoms in birds, ranging from mild illness, which may pass unnoticed, to a rapidly fatal disease that can cause severe epidemics. Avian influenza viruses do not normally infect … Continue reading “Avian influenza”

Blood safety

Blood safety encompasses actions aimed at ensuring that everyone has access to blood and blood products that are as safe as possible, available at reasonable cost, adequate to meet the needs of patients, transfused only when necessary, and provided as part of a sustainable blood programme within the existing health care system. Source: http://www.who.int/topics/blood_safety/en/ Related Articles: … Continue reading “Blood safety”

Blindness

Blindness is the inability to see. The leading causes of chronic blindness include cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, corneal opacities, diabetic retinopathy, trachoma, and eye conditions in children (e.g. caused by vitamin A deficiency). Age-related blindness is increasing throughout the world, as is blindness due to uncontrolled diabetes. On the other hand, blindness caused by … Continue reading “Blindness”

Burns

A burn occurs when some or all of the different layers of cells in the skin are destroyed by a hot liquid (scald), a hot solid (contact burns) or a flame (flame burns). Skin injuries due to ultraviolet radiation, radioactivity, electricity or chemicals, as well as respiratory damage resulting from smoke inhalation, are also considered … Continue reading “Burns”

Cataract

A cataract is clouding of the lens of the eye, which impedes the passage of light. Most cataracts are related to ageing, although occasionally children may be born with the condition, or cataract may develop after an injury, inflammation or disease. Risk factors for age-related cataract include diabetes, prolonged exposure to sunlight, tobacco use and … Continue reading “Cataract”

Campylobacter

Campylobacter is a genus of bacteria that are a major cause of gastroenteritis throughout the world. Infection occurs mainly following consumption of contaminated undercooked poultry or contaminated water. The most common symptoms of campylobacter infection include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. Symptoms usually start 2–5 days after infection, and last for 3–6 … Continue reading “Campylobacter”

Cancer

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth and spread of cells. It can affect almost any part of the body. The growths often invade surrounding tissue and can metastasize to distant sites. Many cancers can be prevented by avoiding exposure to common risk factors, such as tobacco smoke. In addition, a significant proportion of cancers can be … Continue reading “Cancer”

Cardiovascular diseases

Cardiovascular disease is caused by disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and includes coronary heart disease (heart attacks), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), raised blood pressure (hypertension), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure. The major causes of cardiovascular disease are tobacco use, physical inactivity, an unhealthy diet and harmful use … Continue reading “Cardiovascular diseases”

It’s World Health Day on 7th of April and this year’s theme is Depression. The best we can do is spread awareness around Depression and here’s an effort to do that. Research states that women are more depressed than men. This post throw some light on why depression in women is more common. Whilst depression is … Continue reading “Women are more depressed than men. Know why.”

It’s World Health Day on 7th of April and this year’s theme is Depression. The best we can do is spread awareness around Depression and here’s an effort to do that. Depression can be due to different reasons and strangely, diseases like diabetes can lead to Depression. Depression is a mood disorder that is brought … Continue reading “How Diabetes can lead to Depression”

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