You bite an apple and you see bleed marks in the apple. What do you do? If you are one among those who panic- congratulations! You worry about your gums as well. Unlike cavities and tooth disfigurement, periodontal diseases are not considered as serious issues by most people. But is periodontal disease contagious? Do they affect any other organ if left unattended? To unearth answers to these questions, you need to know what periodontal disease is and how it spreads.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal diseases are nothing but infections around the teeth. They generally affect structures like gum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. There are various causes of this disease.
- Bacteria in dental plaque are the culprits that cause periodontal diseases. If it has been hours since you brushed, your body releases a sticky coat over your teeth. This coat is a response by the body to a bacterial infection that is present in the dental cavity. While trying to fight the bacteria, this substance causes inflamed gums and also some irritation in the periodontal ligament.
- The most common periodontal disease is gingivitis followed by teeth loosening. Extreme or severe periodontics is painful to endure.
- It is observed that genetics, smoking habit, crowded teeth, grinding teeth, hormone fluctuations, poor nutrition, and continuous medications are some reasons for one to get affected by periodontal diseases.
How does it Spread?
- Periodontal diseases, like bleeding swollen gums and ligaments, are caused by a bacterial infection. Such infections need immediate attention and treatment as they can spread from the gums to underlying jaw bone that damages the roots of the teeth.
- Prolonged infection can even affect the complete immune system, heart, and lungs if not treated on time.
Is It Contagious?
A disease is named contagious if it spreads from one person to another through some form of contact.
- Medical research says periodontal diseases are resultant of bacterial infection under the gums and chances for it to be contagious are technically very less. But you need to understand that bacterial infection can spread through SALIVA. Hence doctors suggest the one infected with gingivitis (mild level) or periodontics (severe level) to refrain from sharing food and avoid intimate actions like kissing so that the disease doesn’t spread to another through saliva.
- In short, periodontal diseases can be considered contagious when one follows poor oral hygiene and is already infected with gingivitis. Hence, the best way to stay safe is to follow a strict oral hygiene routine and visit a dentist once in six months.
How to Stay Safe?
Oral hygiene and frequent visits to the dentist to remove dental plaque is the best preventive method to avoid periodontal disease. Flossing every day is very helpful. By all means, you should check if the plaque has spread below the gum line so that it doesn’t manifest itself into a bacterial infection later. Before such severity occurs, you should visit your dentist and stop the periodontal disease infection before it can attack you.
Research says that one out of every five adult humans suffers from swollen gums and infection. But unless one feels stinging pain or uneasiness, they might not bother to visit a dentist and get yourself a cure. However, it is vital to know what this disease is and how to prevent it.