Most of us associate monsoon showers with going out and enjoying the rain, noshing on fritters and playing in water puddles. But all these pleasures come with the risk of being exposed to various germs and viruses, which can make you spend the rest of the season lying sick in bed.
Not only do adults face the wrath of this bittersweet time of the year. Rainy season takes a toll on babies too. Since their bodies are suddenly exposed to a huge fluctuation in the atmosphere, infections and illnesses begin to ramp up. The tiny bodies have to fight a considerably larger number of microorganisms. One such infection that is seen increased during the monsoon season is Scabies.
It is a skin condition wherein itching is caused by a mite called Sarcoptes scabiei that burrows and the urge to itch gets stronger at night.
Due to its contagious nature, doctors recommend treatment for entire families or contact groups to get rid of the mite. To treat readily, medication is applied to your skin to eliminate the mites and their eggs. However, itching may remain for several weeks. To be precise, scabies is a skin infection that can infect people and lead to irritating rashes all over the body.
Spreads Through Personal Contact in:
Parasitic mites that are small in size can easily find their way into the skin. These grow rapidly in warm and humid parts of the body, such as the folds of the skin, elbows, armpits, genitals and scalp. As it is contagious, it is also caused by skin to skin contact with an infected person.
The common symptoms include:
Brown or silver lines present in skin folds, elbows, armpits, genitals and scalp indicate mites entering inside the skin.
Scratching your skin vigorously can break it, thereby allowing bacterial infection to occur, such as impetigo – a superficial skin infection caused by staphylococci or streptococci bacteria.
The crusty and scaly form of scabies, it covers large areas of the body. Crusted Scabies is contagious and can be hard to treat.
Since it is a more severe form of scabies, it tends to affect high-risk groups, comprising:
- Scabies spreads quickly, so make sure the infected person stays at home until the treatment is completed.
- Use a lotion prescribed by your doctor to put on the skin of infected person from the neck down, especially into body creases.
- Let the lotion or cream sit for 8-12 hours on the body, and then wash thoroughly.
- Some cases need a second application and treatment needs to be repeated if new burrows and rashes seem to appear.
- The itch can take up to six weeks to vanish, however, there is nothing to worry because the itch is not ongoing scabies but an allergic response. Treat it with calamine lotion or an antihistamine. If the itch sustains, consult your doctor.
Because scabies is easily spreadable, doctors generally recommend treatment for all family members or those in close contact to the infected. This is recommended even if there are no signs of scabies infestation.
You should also disinfect the household stuff, such as clothing, linen, towels and soft toys. These must be washed using the hottest water setting so as to destroy the mites and their eggs. Additionally, vacuuming all the carpets and mattresses is suggested.
Steer clear of people who seem to have a skin infection. Wash your hands regularly, replace bed sheets, blankets and wear clothes that are disinfected.
Monsoon diseases come in all shapes and forms, so it is better to take necessary precautions, instead of spending the entire season in the bed.
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