Urine Test: Procedure and Test Result

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In order to detect a wide range of diseases such as diabetes, kidney-related disorders and urinary tract infection, your doctor will advise you to get a urine test. Medically known as urinalysis, this test figures out abnormalities in your urine by checking chloride, sodium, iron, urea etc. If these abnormal compounds are found in your urine, it could indicate a sign of some disease.

Urine Test

Why Do You Need a Urine Test?

Your doctor may recommend a urine test for the following reasons:

  • To check and monitor your overall health.
  • To diagnose or treat a particular disease.
  • To monitor a condition and take appropriate medical actions.

What Can Your Doctor Tell From Your Urine?  

Your doctor advises you to get a urine test done if he/she identifies any symptoms of a deadly disease that can turn out to be fatal. It is also advised to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions such as liver problems, diabetes and kidney disorders etc. Your doctor can tell a lot by just looking at your urine test results. Here is what your urine can indicate about your health. 

  • Dark colour urine can be a sign of dehydration.
  • Cloudy urine can be a sign of infection.
  • Reddish colour urine can indicate blood in it. 
  • If your urine smells sweet, it can indicate a sign of diabetes.
  • Orange colour urine can indicate signs of liver problems and dehydration.

Urine Test Procedure to Get Accurate Result

Since many non-prescribed medicines and supplements can affect the accuracy of your results, there are simple things you will have to keep in mind. Here is what you need to follow.

  • Women must clean their labia from front to back while men must wipe the tip of the penis.
  • Urinate into the toilet.
  • Pass urine into the sample container.
  • Deliver the sample to the doctor.

Note: Make sure you deliver the sample within an hour of it being collected, if not, refrigerate the sample. If so, keep your doctor informed about the same. 

Types of Urine Test 

Once your test sample has been sent for analysis, a lab technician will evaluate it based on three important aspects. These aspects include visual exam, microscopic exam and dipstick exam.  

Types of Urine Test Definition
Visual Exam This test will examine the appearance of your urine, meaning how clear it is or if it is cloudy. The colour of your urine can be influenced by the foods you have consumed.  
Microscopic Exam This test will analyse a few drops of your urine using a microscope. If your urine contains red blood cells, white blood cells, casts (tube-shaped proteins) and crystals, that are above the average levels, then it could be signs of sickness. 
Dipstick Exam This test involves a thin plastic stick that is placed in the urine to detect abnormalities. These strips change colours if there are substances present above normal. It detects acidity levels, protein levels, sugar levels, concentration levels, ketone levels, bilirubin levels and blood levels. 

Also Read Other Medical Tests You May Want to Know

How to Interpret Your Urine Test Result?

A urine test will identify the levels of ketones, protein and glucose in your urine. Here is what your test result could mean based on the following aspects. 

Urine Test Levels  Test Result
Glucose If your urine has higher levels of glucose content, then it can indicate signs of diabetes. 
Ketones Higher levels of ketones in urine may indicate a sign of uncontrolled diabetes. Its very presence indicates that the body is using fats rather than carbohydrates to produce energy. If your ketone levels are high, then you need to seek medical treatment immediately. 
Proteins  If there are higher levels of proteins in your urine, then this could indicate signs of kidney disease. 

FAQs

A urine test plays a vital role in evaluating your overall health status. Here are some frequently asked questions that will give you an insight into its importance and purpose. 

    1. Can you get a urine test done at home? 

A urine test can be done at home or in a hospital. You can pick up test strips at a nearby pharmacy but they are not intended for self-diagnosis. Consult a doctor and show your test readings. Moreover, it is recommended that you get a urine test in a hospital as this would determine accuracy in results and diagnoses. 

    1. How long is urine good for testing? 

A urine sample must be delivered to a doctor or lab technician within an hour or it should be refrigerated for no more than 24 hours. Once you have collected your sample, put it in a sealed plastic bag as this will curtail the bacteria from multiplying. 

    1. What does blue or green colour urine mean? 

Blue or green colour urine is usually caused due to food colouring or when different medical colours have been used on kidney or bladder to identify a particular disease. A bacteria called pseudomonas aeruginosa also causes your urine to turn blue or green. Green urine is usually normal, but blue colour urine can be caused due to the consumption of certain foods in your diet. 

A urine test explains how well your body is functioning, but a urine culture is done to identify bacterial infections that caused a particular disease. If you have been advised to get a urine test done, it means that your doctor has doubts about certain symptoms that prevail in your system. It takes a few hours for your urine test result to come while it takes 3 or more days for a urine culture test to come.

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