Vaccination Schedule for Your Child

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Being a parent can be both, exciting as well as overwhelming! Vaccination (or immunization) is a preventive care to keep your little one away from serious illness and complications that can be eliminated at an early stage. There are 14 important vaccinations that your child must take in different intervals of time & different dosages.

Vaccination

What is Vaccination/Immunization?

A vaccine is a biological preparation that builds up your body’s natural immunity to avert and fight diseases that could be of high-risk. Vaccines builds up antibodies before you get sick and ‘remembers it’ so that the immune system can destroy any disease-causing microorganism that it encounters later.

Importance of Vaccination

Importance of Vaccination

  • Vaccination protects your child from serious illness and vaccine-preventable diseases which have hazardous consequences and could also lead to death
  • Helps prevent the outbreak of preventable diseases like measles, mumps and rubella
  • Vaccinations protects others you care about
  • Vaccination can help you save money and time by ensuring your child does not fall sick by taking preventable measures

14 Important Vaccinations

1. Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) – This vaccination prevents Tuberculosis by preventing the spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the ethiological agent of tuberculosis

2. Oral polio vaccine (OPV) – This vaccine produces antibodies in blood to prevent all three types of polioviruses. In case of an infection, it protects against polio paralysis by blocking the spread of poliovirus to the nervous system

3. Hepatitis B (Hep – B) – This vaccine is also known as the “anti-cancer” vaccine as it prevents hepatitis B, one of the causes of liver cancer worldwide

4. Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP) – It is a combination vaccine that works against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis

5. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) – Eliminates the smallest risk of developing polio after receiving the live oral polio vaccine

6. Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) – This vaccine prevents bacterial meningitis, which used to majorly affect children under the age of 5

7. Rotavirus – It is an oral vaccine that averts rotavirus infection in babies ages 6 to 32 weeks

8. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) – This vaccine protects against pneumococcal infections like pneumonia, blood infections, and bacterial meningitis

9. Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) – As the name suggests, this vaccine prevents measles, mumps and rubella. All 3 have similar symptoms such as fever, headache and itchy eyes

10. Hepatitis A (Hep – A) – This vaccine is used to avert liver diseases caused by hepatitis A virus

11. Varicella – This vaccine blocks chickenpox (itchy, blister-like rash) that is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV)

12. Booster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine – As the name suggests, this vaccine prevents the child from typhoid fever

13. Tdap/Td – This is a combination vaccine that defends three potential life-threatening bacterial diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis

14. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) – This vaccine protects against a very common sexually transmitted virus known as human papilloma virus

Vaccination Schedule as Per 2019 Guidelines:

AGEVACCINES
BIRTH Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG ), Oral polio vaccine (OPV 0 ), Hepatitis B (Hep – B1)
6 WEEKS Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 1 ), Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 1), Hepatitis B (Hep – B2), Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib 1), Rotavirus 1, Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 1)
10 WEEKS Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 2 ), Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 2), Haemophilus influenzae, type B (Hib 2), Rotavirus 2, Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 2)
14 WEEKS Diptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP 3 ), Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV 3), Haemophilus influenzae, type B (Hib 3), Rotavirus 3, Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV 3)
6 MONTHS Oral polio vaccine (OPV 1 ), Hepatitis B (Hep – B3)
9 MONTHSOral polio vaccine (OPV 2), Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 1)
9-12 MONTHSTyphoid Conjugate Vaccine
12 MONTHS Hepatitis A (Hep – A1)
15 MONTHSMeasles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 2), Varicella 1, PCV Booster
16-18 MONTHSDiptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP B1/DTaP B1 ), Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV B1), Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib B1)
18 MONTHSHepatitis A (Hep – A2)
2 YEARSBooster of Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
4-6 YEARSDiptheria, Tetanus and Pertussis vaccine (DTwP B2/DTaP B2 ), Oral polio vaccine (OPV 3), Varicella 2, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR 3)
10-12 YEARSTdap/Td, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

Some Interesting Facts about Vaccination/Immunization

Facts about Vaccination

Some Other Facts:

  • In the past 60 years, vaccines helped eradicate smallpox and are close to eradicating another polio
  • There is no link between vaccines and autism.
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