One of the most common issues that patients suffer from are having a foreign object in the eye. Recall the last time you were outside on a windy day. You probably rubbed your eyes or splashed water on them to get rid of the debris in the eyes. While many people believe that this is the right way to deal with an object in the eye, this is not true at all. This is because rubbing the object in the eye can lead to tears in the cornea and multiple problems with your eyes. With this in mind, let us understand the proper debris in eye treatments that you should follow, as well as what the common symptoms look like.
Debris in Eyes: Symptoms
When it comes to the common debris in eyes symptoms, patients generally experience any of the following:
- A sense of discomfort in the eyes
- Pressure in the eyes
- Extreme tearing up
- Pain when patients look at a light source
- Bloodshot eye
- Excessive blinking
More often than not, when debris lands in the eyes, patients do not experience any tearing of the eye membranes. However, in the event of a high impact collision or accident, foreign objects may cause tears in the eyes. In this case, patients do experience additional symptoms such as fluid leakage, bleeding, and problems with vision.
Why do People Get Debris in Their Eyes?
There are many debris in eyes causes that patients need to be aware of. Depending on these causes, patients can experience great pain to mild discomfort, which is why it is essential to avoid them if possible. Some of these causes include the following:
- Sawdust flying into the eye
- Eyelash falling into the eye
- Sand flying into the eyes during a dust storm or windy day
- Dust flying into the eye
- Cosmetic products like eye shadow or glitter falling into the eye
- Glass shards entering the eye after an accident
- Metal objects entering the eye
- Contact lenses being bent incorrectly
- Grass flying into the eye due to a lawn mower
If you find yourself engaging in frequent housework like hammering nails or dusting, you should take measures to protect your eyes from any falling debris. Wearing goggles can be a great way to do so as it creates a barrier between the eyes and the falling object.
Should You Seek Emergency Care When You Have Debris in Eyes?
This depends on the kinds of symptoms that you experience. Typically, you must seek emergency care if:
- The debris in your eyes has jagged or sharp edges
- The foreign object in the eye is big or sharp enough to cause problems while blinking
- The eye is bleeding
- The debris was in contact with foreign chemicals
- The debris landed in the eye at a very high speed
- The object is embedded in the eye
If you have experienced any of these issues and are attempting to remove the item yourself, please note that you may cause further damage to the eye. It is better to suffer the slight discomfort while making your way to an ophthalmologist rather than trying to take care of the matter yourself.
In order to prevent further damage to the eye, you should:
- Restrict the movement of your eyes
- Place a bandage over the eye that has been hurt
- Cover the eye with a paper cup in case the object in the eye is too large for bandages
Finally, if you have removed the object on your own but are still experience the following symptoms, you should pursue emergency care:
- A sense of discomfort in the eye
- Abnormal blinking
- Persistent tearing
- Abnormal vision
- Cloudy spot on the cornea
- A gradual worsening of the way the eye feels
What Should You Not Do?
When taking care of debris in eyes at home, you should not put any pressure on the eyes or rub the eyes, no matter how strong the urge to do so. You should also avoid using any foreign utensils like tweezers to remove the item in your eye, as you do not have steady hands and may injure yourself. If you were wearing contact lenses at the time when the foreign object few into your eye, you should not attempt to take the lenses out. Only take them out if you have suffered exposure to chemicals or the eyes are swelling rapidly.
The best way to remove a foreign object from the eye is to submerge your face in water, open your eyes, and blinked rapidly to flush out the object. Sometimes, something as simple as asking someone to blow on the eye can also offer rapid relief. If this does not work, you should visit a doctor.
Your eyes are extremely sensitive to any foreign object and they generally begin to tear up as a reaction to this. Tears often help flush out the item from the eye, but this is not always the case. Rubbing your eyes can lead to scratches and tears in the cornea, as well as permanent damage to the vision, so you must refrain from doing so. Visiting a doctor is the best way to get treatment for debris in eyes.