Diabetes is a chronic medical condition when the human body cannot use blood glucose efficiently and produce energy. As a result of this condition, the sugar levels in the blood increase and the body becomes immune to insulin.
World Diabetes Day is celebrated on November 14 every year. The theme of this year’s event is family and diabetes. The campaign aims to make families recognize the importance of health and wellness by managing their food habits and lifestyle quotients.
Types of Diabetes
The types of diabetes are Type 1 and type 2.
- In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot secrete insulin due to the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells. Hence, this increases blood glucose levels and one has to take external insulin injections to keep the blood glucose level in control.
- In type 2 diabetes, the insulin produced by the pancreas cannot be used fully by the body cells. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age and some of the reasons for type 2 diabetes are:
- Eating more sugar
- No physical activity
- No exercise
With so many factors, type 2 diabetes is leaving its footprint all over the world from children to elderly people. Medical research has proved that mere overweight has been a reason for type 2 diabetes in many people.
When timely precautions are not strictly followed, type 2 diabetes can gradually become type 1, where a daily dose of insulin needs to be administered externally. The WHO has observed that those with prolonged diabetes can be affected with blindness, amputation of organs, kidney failure and heart diseases in the future.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes leaves plenty of warning signs. International Diabetes Federation (IDF) says one can protect themselves and their family if they observe the following symptoms and screen themselves for diabetes:
- Frequent urination
- Shaking of legs, instability
- Toenail fungus
- Burning sensation in the feet
- Lack of concentration
- Sleep disturbances
- Irritability etc.
A simple blood glucose meter will identify the presence of diabetes. Statistics say that one out of two people in the world is diabetic and they are not aware of the same. The IDF has identified that in many cases of heart failure, stroke diabetes has been the preliminary cause of death. The IDF thus urges people to undergo the test and identify whether they are diabetic.
Awareness and Prevention
World diabetic day is observed every year to highlight the importance of diabetes screening in people. The theme for 2019 is diabetes and family. When a family is together, they can fight all diseases away. For example, diabetes can be controlled by:
- Opting for a healthy lifestyle
- Exercising regularly
- Eating a healthy meal
- Staying happy etc.
From elders to children all members of the family should be educated about the ingredients in the food they eat and how small variations in food habits can keep diabetes in check. By observing World Diabetes Day on November 14, the national and international medical associations are working hard in creating awareness about diabetes and its prevention methods.