World Immunization Day: Learn More About Immunization

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Every year on November 10th, World Immunization Day is celebrated to create awareness among people about the significance of getting vaccinations for vaccine-preventable diseases on a timely basis.

World Immunization Day

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Immunization is a proven tool for removing and controlling deadly infectious diseases and is approximated to prevent between 2-3 million deaths every year. Worldwide, an estimated 18.7 million infants are still missing out on basic vaccines.

India has one of the largest Universal Immunization Programs (UIP) in terms of the number of covered beneficiaries, the number of vaccines used, human resources participant (government bodies, NGOs, etc ) and geographical spread.

Do you know?

  • According to the WHO, 240 vaccines against 25 infectious were in development
  • Topping the list for most candidate vaccines are malaria, HIV/AIDS, pneumococcal infections, Ebola and tuberculosis.
  • In the past 60 years, the use of vaccines made it possible to eradicate smallpox and the world is now closer to eradicating polio. 

Precautions While Getting the Vaccination

  • Always prefer getting your child vaccinated from reputed private or government hospital.
  • Prior to any vaccination or immunization, inform your doctor if the child had any reactions to the previous dose.
  • Always check for the expiry date of the vaccine. An expired vaccine can lead to serious complications in the baby. 
  • Before vaccination, ensure your doctor check your baby for any illness. 
  • Inform your doctor if your baby has any health concerns like fever, cold, etc. However, vaccines can be given in the presence of minor illness. 
  • Before DPT vaccination, inform the doctor if the child had developed any fits or convulsions in the past.

Points to Remember for Patients

  • Always follow the rule “One needle; One syringe” which means that a single needle and syringe should only be used once.
  • Ensure both syringe and needle are discarded after use. 
  • Always follow the immunization schedule strictly as per the guidelines. Keep a check on your immunization record and carry it along before getting any subsequent vaccination done.
  • Before getting any vaccine, consult a doctor first.

Note: Image used is for reference purpose only.

Reference:

  1. https://www.nhp.gov.in/world-immunization-day_pg
  2. https://mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/245453521061489663873.pdf
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